The revolts by slaves in South America and the Caribbean started 100 years before 1619 (103 otd), when slaves formally arrived in the British colony that become known as the United States, and before the arrival of the Mayflower in 1620 (104 otd).
Dr. John Henrik Clarke
New Dimensions in African History
About the African Cultural Calendar
About African Cultural Calendar
History as defined by John Henrik Clarke is a “clock that people use to tell their political and cultural time of day. It is also a compass that people use to find themselves on the map of human g ...
Making of the African Cultural Calendar
I have always felt that time could be an ally or a foe in a people’s struggle for freedom. It is easy to look at the past, look at the oppression and destruction of African societies and say it h ...
Africalendar Similarities to the Ancestors' Calendars
African Cultural Calendar is similar to the calendars our ancestors, who built societies along the Nile Valley from Axum to Kemet, created. The same calendars were also used across our homeland in ...
There is no other calendar, which is a celebration of the history and cultures of African people. In the African Cultural Calendar, there are a number of special days called “Cultural Days”. Thes ...
The Year of the Push and Pull
The year we began again
The “Year of the Push and Pull” in the African Cultural Calendar is the first afriyear “of the diaspora (otd)” period. The diaspora is that event in our history, ...
Months in the African Cultural Calendar
The African Cultural Calendar (Africalendar) combines both our history and the purpose of a calendar to tell our people’s story in time. A year in the Africalendar is a journey through our history from the Nile Valley to the diaspora. The months in the Africalendar represent our history from the beginning to the current time. The first month is called Kemet. Kemet is from our beginning; it is one of the first great societies our ancestors built. The year in the Africalendar ends with a renewal period called Kwanzaa. With the African Cultural Calendar, we journey through our history and cultures as time flows from Kemet to Kwanzaa.
Afrimonth: Kemet (Jan 2 to Jan 31)
The africalendar starts from almost at the beginning of the people’s history. The first month in the afriyear is Kemet. The word Kemet means black. It is the name that Africans in ancient Egypt called themselves and their country. Egypt has been called “the light of the world” and Kemet is the light that starts the year. The history of Kemet is the history of civilization and it is an achievement of the people. Our history cannot properly be written without starting with Kemet. Our people from the Ashantis to the Zulus place their origin in the Nile valley, where Kemet flourished. Kemet reflects the beginning and that is the reason that the africalendar begins each year with the month Kemet.
Afrimonth: Nubia (Feb 1 to Feb 28/29)
Nubia is the second month in the African cultural calendar. It is similar to February, in that it has 28 days or 29 days in a leap year. Nubia is one of the great civilizations that form the foundation of the people. It was located south of Kemet but it preceded and may have even given birth to Egypt. Nubia and Egypt shared many similarities. Egypt adopted symbols of royalty similar to those of Nubia.
Afrimonth: Meroe (Mar. 1 to Mar. 30)
Meroe rose to prominence after Nubia. It was a capital city of the well known empire of Cush. It was located along the Nile valley, close to modern day Sudan. It shared similarities with Nubia and Egypt including writing styles.
Afrimonth: Axum (Mar. 31 to Apr. 29)
The afrimonth Axum got its name from the society that existed on the east coast of Africa. Axum is an old civilization that predates biblical times. This highly developed society existed for thousand of years and became known to the outside world as a Christian society. This was the home of Queen Sheba mentioned in the bible. Axum is still alive today. The Ethiopia we know today is a part of Axum, Queen of Sheba’s empire.
Afrimonth: Ghana (Apr. 30 to May 29)
The afrimonth Ghana recalls the empire of the same name from the west coast of the continent. The empire of Ghana existed for over 1200 years. It extended from the Atlantic Ocean to the west bank of the Niger River and south from the Sahara.
Afrimonth: Mali (May 30 to Jun. 28)
After Ghana comes Mali in the africalendar, in the same way that Mali rose after Ghana had shown the way. Mali is the second of the great empires in West Africa. Its boundaries stretched from the Atlantic Ocean to Gao on the east side of the Niger River and south from the Sahara to the tropical forest. This was the country of Mansa Musa. Mali was known internationally and maintained commercial and diplomatic ties with foreigners.
Afrimonth: Songhai (Jun. 29 to Jul. 28)
The afrimonth Songhai and all of the months before it are from the "before the diaspora" (btd) period. They are apart of the foundation of Africans everywhere. Songhai was the last of our great empires on the continent before the year of the push and pull. Songhai rose after Mali and extended further east to include parts of Chad and northward into the Sahara. The renowned centre of learning, Timbuktu was one of Songhai's well known cities.
Afrimonth: Nzinga (Jul 29. to Aug. 27)
Afrimonth Nzinga recalled one of Africa’s greatest daughters, Queen Nzinga, the unconquerable. Nzinga was queen of Ndongo and Matamba in modern day Angola. She waged a long fight against the slave trade and the invading colonizers and their religion. Her fight for freedom and independence exemplifies the struggle of the people since the year of the push and pull.